- Who is most likely to develop Sjögren's syndrome (SS)?
- What are the symptoms of Sjögren's syndrome?
- Is it easy to diagnose Sjögren's syndrome?
- What kind of doctor treats Sjögren's?
- How is Sjögren's syndrome diagnosed?
- ANA (Anti-Nuclear Antibody): About 70% of Sjögren's syndrome patients have elevated antibodies that react against normal components of a cell's nucleus.
- SS-A (or Ro) and SS-B (or La): 70% of patients are positive for SS-A and 40% positive for SS-B.
- RF (Rheumatoid Factor): 60-70% of patients have a positive RF.
- ESR (Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate): Measures inflammation.
- IGs (Immunoglobulins): Normal blood proteins, usually elevated in Sjögren's syndrome.
Dry Eye tests include:
- Schirmer's Test: Measures tears production.
- Rose Bengal and Lissamine Green: Dyes to observe abnormal cells on the surface of the eye.
- Slit-Lamp Exam for assessing the health of the cornea.
Dry Mouth tests include:
- Parotid Gland Flow: Measures the amount of saliva produced over a certain period of time.
- Salivary Scintigraphy: Measures salivary gland function.
- Sialography: An x-ray of the salivary-duct system.
- Lip Biopsy: Confirms lymphocytic infiltration of the minor salivary glands. This test is often needed for a confirmed diagnosis of Sjögren's syndrome.
- What treatments are available?
- What else can be done?
- Will I die from Sjögren's syndrome?
- Is there a cure?